At the annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand School of Government, Prof. Jenny Lewis has given a key-note speech about the innovative capacity of governments. In her speech she explains that innovation capacity cosists of formal structures (e.g. political & administrative triggers, corporatist governance traditions) and informal structures (e.g. organizational slack, external customer focus).
However in order to create this innovation capacity a culture is needed, aimed at embracing innovations. To prof. Lewis, this culture contains pro-innovative orientations (including receptive internal culture, acceptance of risk, sympathetic culture and supportive procedures) and pro-innovative network characteristics (good external connections, solid links between politicians & bureaucrats, access to embedded resources and reaching out to people).